The import and export of machinery products increa

2022-08-26
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In the first half of 2002, the import and export of mechanical products increased steadily

the export of printing and binding machinery was 39.72 million US dollars, which increased the cooperation of passive gears by yuan, an increase of 62.7%

according to customs statistics, in the first half of this year, the import and export of machinery products (i.e. large machinery industry) nationwide reached 69.8 billion US dollars, an increase of 13.3% over the same period of last year (the same below), accounting for 25.8% of the national import and export of 270.71 billion US dollars in the same period. Among them, the export was 34.83 billion US dollars, an increase of 12.5%, accounting for 24.5% of the national export of 142.06 billion US dollars in the same period; Imports reached US $34.97 billion, an increase of 14.2%, accounting for 27.2% of China's imports of US $128.65 billion in the same period. Exports were slightly lower than imports, with a deficit of US $140million

import and export situation and characteristics of mechanical products

1 The structure of export products was further improved, and the export of technology intensive or high-tech products increased significantly. For example, the export of 457 cars was US $6.96 million, an increase of 84.1%; 392 passenger elevators were exported, amounting to US $10.36 million, an increase of 27.6%; The export of printing and binding machinery was 39.72 million US dollars, an increase of 62.7%; The export of metal rolling mills and parts reached US $17.69 million, an increase of 43.7%. The export growth also includes power transmission and transformation equipment, instruments and meters, medical instruments and apparatus, packaging machinery, food processing machinery, as well as various liquid pumps and liquid elevators. The decline in camera exports is due to the separate listing of digital cameras from this year. If cameras and digital cameras are added together, the export in the first half of the year was 620million US dollars, an increase of 23.6% over the same period last year (see Table 1 for details)

2. The import growth is greater than the export, and the import growth of most products is relatively large. Highlight: on the one hand, with strong domestic demand, structural adjustment and industrial upgrading, it is necessary to import more advanced equipment to make full use of international resources, optimize allocation and improve equipment quality; On the other hand, it also shows that there are gaps and deficiencies between domestic mechanical products and foreign products in technology, quality, reliability and so on. For example, the import of automobiles and key parts and components totaled US $3.14 billion, an increase of 17.9%, of which the import of various complete vehicles (trucks, buses, cars, special vehicles, etc.) was US $1.25 billion, an increase of 31.6%; The import of metal processing machine tools was 1.32 billion US dollars, an increase of 21.4%, including 490 million US dollars of numerical control machine tools, an increase of 8.5%; The processing center was US $150million, an increase of 35.9%; The import of metal rolling mills and parts was 320 million US dollars, an increase of 214.2%; The import of construction and mining machinery was 530million US dollars, an increase of 20.4% (see Schedule II for details)

3. The export of state-owned enterprises continued to grow, while the export of foreign-invested enterprises increased rapidly, accounting for a significant proportion. The export of state-owned enterprises was $13.65 billion, an increase of 6.0%, accounting for 39.1% of the total export of mechanical products. The export of foreign-invested enterprises was $17.55 billion, an increase of 11.6%, accounting for 50.4% of the total export. Among them, the export of wholly foreign-owned enterprises was $9.93 billion, an increase of 19%, accounting for 28.5% of the total export. In addition, collective, private and private enterprises with import and export management rights exported US $3.62 billion, an increase of 54.0%. With the gradual liberalization of China's foreign capital management rights, such enterprises will be a new growth point to expand foreign trade exports

4. The export growth of general trade is higher than that of processing trade. General trade exports reached 13.92 billion US dollars, an increase of 19.4%; The export of processing trade (processing and assembly with supplied materials and processing with imported materials) was 19.9 billion US dollars, an increase of 7%

the following is the statistical table of relevant data

export statistics of major mechanical products in the first half of 2002 (related to printing and packaging industry)

attached table 1 unit: 10000 US dollars

serial number commodity name unit quantity amount compared with the same period of last year ±%

1 metal processing machine tool 14509 5.0

2 of which: CNC machine tools 632.0 1147 -37.0

3 rubber or plastic with the support of the platform 10460 14.1

machinery and parts

4 billion transformers and converters 16.1 132741 9.1

5 billion batteries 4.6 5868032.9

6 on-off and circuit Billion 653 83436 7.7

protective devices

7 10000 tons of wires and cables 30.2 93239 22.5

8 motors 1.8 108447 14.1

motors and generator sets

9 measurement, detection and analysis 71289 27.1

automatic control instruments and appliances

10 cameras and their parts 44486 -24.4

11 of which: 10000 cameras 4083.0 34559 -31.3

12 10000 digital cameras 479.0 27766

13 10000 copying equipment 6664140 -0.2

14 mechanical foundation 27496 14 12.5

15 including: 100 million sets of rolling bearings 8.4 29217 -1.5

16 telescope and accessories 6648 5.6

17 packaging machinery and parts 3082 27.3

18 food processing machinery and parts 2354 18.2

19 metal smelting and casting equipment and parts 1245 -17.6

20 metal rolling mill and parts 1769 43.7

21 printing and binding machinery and parts 3972 62.7

22 liquid pump and liquid elevator 21599 26.5

(related to printing and packaging industry)

attached Table II unit: 10000 US dollars

serial number commodity name unit quantity amount over the same period last year ±%

1 million metal processing machines 5.57 132664 21.4

2 of which: CNC machine tools 8087.0 49034 8.5

3 processing center 1400.0 15146 35.9

4 combined machine beds 484.0 3212 9.7

5 rubber or plastic plus 92261 14.6

machinery and parts <

6 hundred million transformers and converters 580 61408 12.7

7 billion batteries 4.1 45173 54.5

8 million welding machines and parts 41.7 17417 2.3

9 million on-off and circuit protection 89.6 172140 18.8

protective devices

10 10000 tons of wires and cables 14.6 70448 14.9

11 motors One hundred million 7.2 87709 18.8

machines and generator sets

12 million 5679.0 202721 15.1

automatic control instruments and appliances

13 million mechanical basic parts 14.5 199413 6.4

14 of which: one hundred million sets of rolling bearings 4.2 23411 30.1

15 cameras and their parts 25930 -7.4

16 of which: ten thousand cameras 346.6 170046.0

17 ten thousand digital cameras 4.3529

18 million copies of equipment 6.0 3416 19.7

19 packaging machinery and parts 25430 11.9

20 food processing machinery and parts 8156 -24.3

21 metal smelting and casting 10531 82.1

manufacturing equipment and parts

22 metal rolling mills and parts 32280 214.2

23 printing and binding machinery and parts 47229 -14.4

24 million liquid pumps and liquid pumps 879.0 34277 29.4 <./p>

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