The import and export of China's screen printing m

2022-08-19
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It is an indisputable fact that the import and export of China's printing machinery and equipment show a rapid growth trend. Among all kinds of printing equipment imported over the years, sheet fed printing machines and web printing machines account for almost 50% of the import volume, attracting the close attention of many experts. However, the import of silk screen printing machines with various printing methods is generally ignored. One of the reasons why they are not valued is that the manufacturing enterprises of silk printing machines are generally small in scale, and the value of products seems to be relatively low. Compared with offset printing machines and gravure printing machines, they are much smaller and easy to be ignored. Another reason is that the production scale of silk printing equipment manufacturing enterprises is small, which has not attracted the attention of large enterprise groups and is obviously insufficient in investment. In fact, the import volume of silk screen printing machines is also a considerable figure, and qualified enterprises should pay attention to it

the export situation of China's silk printing equipment is good. The export volume in 2004 increased by 110.7% over 2003, and it is one of the equipment varieties with the fastest growth in the export of printing equipment. However, compared with other printing equipment with large export volume, the total export volume is small, accounting for only 4.3% of the total export volume of printing equipment

I. export of silk screen printing brush machine

the same point of silk Jinan experimental machine: the export volume of printing equipment shows a rapid growth trend. In 2004, 185 circular printing presses were exported, with an export volume of 3.1775 million US dollars. The main countries and regions exported include Hong Kong, Taiwan, China, Thailand and the Netherlands, of which more than 35% were re exported from Hong Kong, China. 544 flat printing presses were exported, with an export volume of 2.9431 million US dollars. The main countries and regions exported were Germany, Hong Kong, Taiwan, China and India, of which Germany and Hong Kong accounted for more than 58% of the export volume. 463 other printing presses were exported, with an export volume of 3056600 US dollars. The main countries and regions exported were Hong Kong, China, Thailand, Malaysia and the United States, of which Hong Kong, China accounted for 37.1% of the export volume

second, the import of silk screen printing brush machine

the import of silk screen printing brush machine still shows an increasing trend, but some varieties are declining. In 2004, 168 circular printing presses were imported, with an import value of US $17.8943 million. The main countries and regions imported were Austria, Germany, Japan and Taiwan, China, of which Austria and Germany accounted for 59.7% of the total imports. 1874 flat printing presses were imported, with an import volume of 95.4678 million US dollars. The main countries and regions imported were Taiwan, China, Japan, South Korea and Germany, of which Taiwan, China accounted for 46.7%. 971 other printing presses were imported, with an import volume of 42.3061 million US dollars. The main countries and regions for importing these problems are Japan, Taiwan, China, Germany and the United States, of which Japan and Taiwan, China account for 46.9% of the import volume

Third, expand exports and strive to achieve a balance between import and export

in 2004, China's import of printing machinery was $1.716 billion, and the export was $262 million, with a ratio of import to export of 6.55:1. The import value of silk screen printing brush machine is 155.67 million US dollars, and the export value is 111.8 million US dollars. The ratio of import to export is 13.93:1. The imbalance of import and export trade is more than twice the ratio of the total import and export of printing machinery. Its export contribution rate is one of China's poor products, which should attract the attention of all aspects of the industry. Of course, the import-export trade ratio of silk screen printing machines is less than that of sheet fed printers, which is 99.66:1, and greater than that of Web printers, which is 7.9:1. The technical field and content of silk screen printing brush machine cannot be compared with that of sheet fed printing machine and web printing machine, and the conditions for increasing exports are much better than these two kinds of equipment. It will affect the measurement data of the equipment. In order to improve the extreme imbalance between import and export and the relatively backward development of the strongest ship silk printing machine, the development of silk printing equipment should follow the following directions

1. Actively adopt industry standards and improve product quality

in 2004, the national development and Reform Commission issued 18 printing machinery equipment standards formulated and revised by the National Printing Machinery Standardization Technical Committee, including 3 standards involving silk printing equipment. There are lithographic printing machines. Part 1: platform lithographic printing machines, lithographic printing machines. Part 2: roller lithographic printing machines, silk printing frames. These standards clearly stipulate the parameters, assembly accuracy, overprinting quality and safety of the silk printing machine, so that the manufacturing of the silk printing machine can follow the rules, and have a beneficial impact on the improvement of product quality and technological progress. The starting point of formulating the silk printing frame standard is to reduce the material selection specifications between manufacturers, reduce varieties, increase the one-time production batch of material manufacturers, and reduce social and manufacturing costs through the standardization of frame profiles

China's silk printing machine standard is completed through the hard work of drafting units and the participation of the majority of manufacturing enterprises on the basis of absorbing foreign advanced experience. It should be recognized and actively adopted by most enterprises in order to improve the manufacturing level of China's silk printing machines, especially the competitiveness of exports

2. Expand the production scale of enterprises and improve the quality of products

the scale of silk printing equipment manufacturing enterprises is generally small, the real industry leading enterprises have not been formed so far, and the silk printing brush machine manufacturing enterprises with annual sales of more than 100 million yuan have not been produced. Although the price of a single silk printing machine is low, it is still possible to actively expand varieties, expand market areas, improve the technical content of products, and form the prospect of large-scale production. In the manufacturing of other printing machinery and equipment, such as sheet fed printing machines, web printing machines, gravure printing machines, paper cutting machines, die-cutting machines, ink-jet printing machines, small offset printing machines, etc., there have been enterprises with more than 100 million yuan, or even more than 1 billion yuan. Facts have proved that without large-scale production, it is difficult to make a big leap in technical level, quality, market and export services, and it is impossible to have a large capital investment in product development and technological transformation. Of course, the competitiveness of products will not occupy a large advantage

3. Actively adopt advanced technology and improve product grade

from the technical level of silk printing machines, domestic equipment is mostly medium and low-grade products, of which hand-operated equipment still accounts for a considerable share, which is extremely incompatible with the development level of national printing machinery and equipment, not to mention the realization of current shaftless technology, single machine automation, online automation and the whole process digital solutions of prepress, printing and post printing

4. Digital direct plate making machine has been widely used in the printing industry and popularized to a variety of printing methods after nearly a decade of development. So far, offset printing and flexographic printing have the application of digital direct plate making machine. The traditional plate making equipment is still used in the prepress plate making of the screen printing brush machine

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