The import and export of machine tools rose month

2022-08-12
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In 2009, the import and export of machine tools rose month on month and fell year-on-year

despite the financial crisis, China's machine tool industry stood a severe test in 2009. Not long ago, zhengguowei, member of the expert committee of the China Machinery Industry Federation and former director of the import and export examination office of the Ministry of machinery, said that in 2009, China's machine tool import and export showed the characteristics of year-on-year growth in import volume, year-on-year decline in exports, and year-on-year decline in exports

According to statistical data, from January to September 2009, China's machine tool industry completed a total industrial output value of 308.58 billion yuan, an increase of 9.79% year-on-year. The import and export deficit was $4.224 billion, a decrease of $653 million from $4.877 billion in the same period last year

ZHENG Guowei interpreted the characteristics of China's machine tool import and export in 2009 as follows: first, the import amount increased rapidly in September compared with August, but continued to decline year-on-year. From the perspective of the monthly import volume of the whole industry, the import volume in the first eight months was $600million to $800million, and the import volume in September was $943million, an increase of 38% over the import volume in August of $683million, and the situation began to improve

in order to achieve the maximum comprehensive performance

second, exports continued to rise month on month and continue to decline year on year. From the month on month situation of the monthly export volume of the whole industry, it fell continuously in the first two months of this year, and slowly rebounded month by month from March. September increased by 10.03% over August, and the situation began to improve. However, due to the impact of the international financial crisis, the international market demand has decreased, and the year-on-year decline in the cumulative export amount of the machine tool industry has increased month by month. The export from January to February fell by 24.23% year-on-year, while the export from January to September fell by 32.69% year-on-year

"although it has continued to rise month on month for seven consecutive months, this does not mean that foreign demand has improved, but that China's policies to stabilize the growth of foreign trade and the independent adjustment of enterprises have begun to see some results. Whether the cumulative decline of exports across the industry can be slowed depends on the performance of external demand." Zheng Guowei believes that from the current situation, due to the large scale of the contraction of external demand, there is a big difference between the structure and domestic demand. Relying on the expansion of domestic demand in the short term, it is difficult to comprehensively replace or make up for the demand gap caused by the contraction of external demand. Therefore, the foundation of export rebound is not yet stable, and the export situation is still grim. According to the "economic operation of raw material industry in 2014 and outlook for 2015" released by the Ministry of pre industry and information technology of relevant international organizations on February 25, the basic situation of the world economic recession has not been fundamentally changed, and the demand of the main export markets of machinery products in the European Union, the United States, Japan and other countries has shrunk. At the same time, in the case of economic downturn, all countries tend to tighten trade policies, and trade protectionism has begun to rise

two policies

in order to cope with the impact of the international financial crisis, the Chinese government has issued a series of policies to support economic development since October 2008, including two policies on the import of machine tools: one is to adjust the catalogue of machine tools that are not tax-free for domestic investment projects. They are non numerical control machine tools of all specifications, numerical control metal cutting machine tools with specific specifications of 22 categories, pressure forming machinery of 41 categories, woodworking machinery of 16 categories, casting machinery of 24 categories, and measuring instruments of 12 categories. It is reported that the main principles of this adjustment are: first, support enterprises to introduce advanced technology and equipment that cannot be produced in China. You should browse in detail to promote industrial upgrading and technological progress; Second, encourage enterprises to give priority to purchasing domestic equipment under the same conditions, and promote the autonomy of equipment manufacturing; Third, try to give consideration to the interests of equipment use departments and equipment manufacturing departments

the second is to encourage the import of advanced technology and high-end machine tools. The machine tool industry encourages the introduction of 36 advanced technologies, including high-speed vertical and horizontal machining center design and manufacturing technology, five axis linkage machining center design and manufacturing technology and other technologies; A total of 16 important equipment are encouraged to be imported, including advanced equipment such as single column, double column, four column universal hydraulic press (nominal pressure greater than 4000t), coordinate grinder four axis four linkage, seven axis four linkage, etc. According to the measures for the administration of import discount interest funds issued by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Commerce, the advanced technologies and equipment listed in the catalogue will be supported by discount interest policies

in addition, while encouraging the import of advanced technology and high-end CNC machine tools, China has also increased the scale of fixed asset investment. From January to September this year, the national fixed asset investment increased by 33.3% year-on-year, of which the investment in the machinery industry completed 1.028 trillion yuan, an increase of 40.77% year-on-year, which is much higher than the growth of national fixed asset investment in the same period

since this year, the domestic and international market demand of the machine tool industry has changed significantly. Large and heavy machine tools and high-end CNC machine tools have continued to sell well, and the sales of ordinary machine tools have fallen sharply. "The equipment required for investment in the machinery industry is mainly machine tools. With the support of special investments such as large aircraft, high-speed railway and nuclear power equipment, and under the circumstances of the state's more supportive policies for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, high-grade CNC machine tools, large heavy machine tools, as well as medium and low-grade CNC machine tools and high-quality ordinary machine tools that meet the needs of users, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, will be welcomed by users." Zheng Guowei pointed out

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