The import and export volume of China's most popul

2022-08-08
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The import and export volume of China's instruments and equipment has increased continuously

most products are in strong demand, and technological progress and product structure adjustment have taken effect. Industrial automation systems and instruments, optical, analytical, electronic measurement, testing machines and other scientific instruments and equipment, surveying and mapping instruments, medical instruments and equipment, environmental monitoring instruments, weighing instruments, water meters, gas meters and other supply instruments grew rapidly. The demand for most products is strong, and technological progress and product structure adjustment are effective. Industrial automation systems and instruments, optical, analytical, electronic measurement, testing machines and other scientific instruments and equipment, surveying and mapping instruments, medical instruments and equipment, environmental monitoring instruments, weighing instruments, water meters, gas meters and other supply instruments grew rapidly

it is reported that in 2004, China's manufacturing industry ranked second, with the manufacturing industry of instruments and meters, culture and office machinery. The top 10 industries are: electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing, instrumentation and culture, office machinery manufacturing, non-metallic mineral products industry, general equipment manufacturing, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing, communication equipment, computer and other electronic equipment manufacturing, plastic products industry, chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing, ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, and cultural, educational and sporting goods manufacturing

the overall demand of the industry is growing.

there is a strong demand for a number of products, and technological progress and product structure adjustment have taken effect. Industrial automation systems and instruments, optical, analytical, electronic measurement, testing machines and other scientific instruments and equipment, surveying and mapping instruments, medical instruments and equipment, environmental monitoring instruments, weighing instruments, water meters, gas meters and other supply instruments grew rapidly. In particular, DCS, intelligent instruments and meters, digital surveying and mapping instruments, multi-functional watt hour meters, power transmission management systems, electronic gas meters and other products with high technical content are growing rapidly. DCS systems and instruments with independent intellectual property rights have been widely used in 300000 kW and below thermal power units, small and medium-sized petrochemical projects and public works. Domestic DCS systems have also begun to enter 600000 kW thermal power units, which can also be further degraded into glycine kW thermal power units. The independently developed oil field two-phase flow measurement equipment has also successfully entered the Middle East market. According to relevant sources, the worldwide control valve market, with a total volume of nearly $3billion in 2002, is expected to reach $3.5 billion by the end of 2007, with an average annual growth of 3%

however, the demand of some industries is limited by national policies and industry characteristics. Demand forecast and price trend at present, the production capacity of domestic electrical instruments and meters has been seriously surplus, and the whole industry is in a state of low profit. However, the cost performance of some high-tech products (such as electronic watt hour meters) will have obvious competitive advantages compared with old products

enterprise restructuring has had a significant effect. The change of enterprise economic type has accelerated. Through restructuring, restructuring and other relevant measures, the sales revenue and profit growth of state-owned enterprises have significantly accelerated, with double-digit growth rates, and there is a momentum of getting out of the trough and reducing poverty. Compared with previous years, the development momentum of private enterprises has slowed down significantly. The three foreign-funded enterprises have a rapid upward momentum, with sales revenue and total profits exceeding half of the whole industry, and their asset investment far exceeds that of state-owned enterprises and private enterprises

the total import and export volume has increased continuously

the import and export volume has continued to rise. In 2004, it is estimated that the import volume could exceed 12billion US dollars, but the growth rate is expected to decline by 10-13 percentage points year-on-year. Among imported products, DCS, PLC, industrial automation instruments, semiconductor chip and component testing instruments, electronic communication testing instruments, optical instruments, analytical instruments, etc. have increased significantly; The import of watt hour meters, water meters, magnifying glasses, telescopes, microscopes, thermometers, weighing instruments and other products with close cooperation that China has comparative advantages continues to decline

China's precision instruments and meters should strengthen independent research and development ability

relevant experts in China's instrument and meter industry pointed out that most of China's instrument and meter products are at medium and low levels, and the production status is unsatisfactory. Almost all high-end and large-scale instruments and equipment rely on imports, and foreign companies account for more than 60% of the domestic market. Domestic analytical instruments account for less than three thousandths of the global market share. There is a significant gap between domestic instruments and imported products. What is the reason? According to relevant analysis, in addition to the fact that the overall quality of domestic enterprises' products lags behind that of imported products, and may cause vibration or pipeline leakage, the lack of policy protection is also a factor causing the unique prosperity of imported products in the domestic market. The deeper internal reason is that since the early 1990s, in the fields of high-tech automatic instruments and systems, scientific testing instruments, sensor components and other fields, imported and joint venture products have mainly participated in the competition. In the process of introduction, joint venture and localization, domestic enterprises lack research on the key technologies of products, and cannot upgrade their products independently. The phenomenon of repeated introduction is serious. China has joined the WTO, the tariff of instruments and meters will be further lowered, and foreign enterprises will speed up their entry into the Chinese market. In order to win the competition with foreign-funded enterprises, Chinese enterprises must pay attention to technology and speed up their own technological progress

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